Types of Natural Resources, Examples, and Their Benefits

Natural resources are resources found in the earth, water, and air that can be used to meet human needs. There are two types of natural resources, namely renewable and non-renewable natural resources.

Types of natural resources

Two types of natural resources that are useful for human life are renewable natural resources and non-renewable natural resources.

Renewable natural resources are resources that can be recovered. Natural resources of this type can be developed and cultivated.

Examples of renewable natural resources are water, plants, soil, animals, air, and the sun.

Meanwhile, non-renewable natural resources are resources that will run out if they are continuously taken and used.

These natural resources take a very long time to be regenerated. Examples of non-renewable natural resources are oil, gold, silver, coal, and others.

Benefits of natural resources

Natural resources have a very important role for human survival. Many things we use today and are made using materials from natural resources, the benefits of natural resources include the following:

1. Sources of energy and fuel, natural resources that are commonly used are oil and natural gas.
2. Power generation such as water, geothermal, sunlight.
3. Meet human food needs such as livestock and plants.
4. The need for clothing or clothing for example wool from fleece or silk from silkworm cocoons.
5. The need for housing is a tree that is used as a frame or household furniture.
6. Oxygen suppliers are plants
7. The country’s foreign exchange reserves, for example, are mining products.

The impact of exploitation of natural resources and how to prevent it

Because of the many benefits, we need to conserve natural resources. If resources are taken continuously without any conservation action, it can cause harm to humans.

Examples of the impact of poorly managed resource extraction are:

•Global warming due to the continued cutting of trees or the increasing use of motorized vehicles that use petroleum fuel.
•Trigger natural disasters such as landslides to floods.
•Typical animals and plants threatened with extinction
•Natural resources, especially non-renewable ones, will decrease.

In order to maintain the sustainability of natural resources, we can start taking care of the environment. Some of the natural resource conservation actions that can be taken by each individual are:

1. Save water usage
2. Keeping the environment clean
3. Recycle waste, especially used goods
4. Turn off lights or other electronic items when not needed