Convert Hexadecimal to Binary or Decimal

Convert Hexadecimal to Binary or Decimal
How do you change those funny numbers and letters to something you or your computer can understand? Converting hexadecimal to binary is very easy, which is why hexadecimal has been adopted in some programming languages. Converting to decimal is a little more involved, but once you’ve got it it’s easy to repeat for any number.

Part 1 of 3: Converting Hexadecimal to Binary

1. Convert each hexadecimal digit to four binary digits

Convert each hexadecimal digit to four binary digits. Hexadecimal was adopted in the first place because it’s so easy to convert between the two. Essentially, hexadecimal is used as a way to display binary information in a shorter string. This chart is all you need to convert from one to the other:

Hexadecimal
Binary

 

0

0000

 

1

0001

 

2

0010

 

3

0011

 

4

0100

 

5

0101

 

6

0110

 

7

0111

 

8

1000

 

9

1001

 

A

1010

 

B

1011

 

C

1100

 

D

1101

 

E

1110

 

F

1111

2. Try it yourself

Try it yourself. It really is as simple as changing the digit into the four equivalent binary digits. Here are a few hex numbers for you to convert. Highlight the invisible text to the right of the equal sign to check your work:

A23 = 1010 0010 0011

BEE = 1011 1110 1110

70C558 = 0111 0000 1100 0101 0101 1000

3. Understand why this works

Understand why this works. In the “base two” binary system, n binary digits can be used to represent 2 different numbers. For example, with four binary digits, you can represent 2 = 16 different numbers. Since hexadecimal is a base sixteen system, a one digit number can be used to represent 16 = 16 different numbers. This makes conversion between the two systems extremely easy.

You can also think of this as the counting systems “flipping over” to another digit at the same time. Hexadecimal counts “…D, E, F, 10” at the same time binary counts “1101, 1110, 1111, 10000”.

Part 2 of 3: Converting Hexadecimal to Decimal

1. Review how base ten works

Review how base ten works. You use decimal notation every day without having to stop and think about the meaning, but when you first learned it, your parent or teacher might have explained it to you in more detail. A quick review of how ordinary numbers are written will help you convert the number:

Each digit in a decimal number is in a certain “place.” Moving from right to left, there’s the “ones place,” “tens place,” “hundreds place,” and so on. The digit 3 just means 3 if it’s in the ones place, but it represents 30 when located in the tens place, and 300 in the hundreds place.
To put it mathematically, the “places” represent 10, 10, 10, and so on. This is why this system is called “base ten,” or “decimal” after the Latin word for “tenth.”

2. Write a decimal number as an addition problem

Write a decimal number as an addition problem. This will probably seem obvious, but it’s the same process we’ll use to convert a hexadecimal number, so it’s a good starting point. Let’s rewrite the number 480,13710. (Remember, the subscript 10 tells us the number is written in base ten.):

Starting with the rightmost digit, 7 = 7 x 10, or 7 x 1
Moving left, 3 = 3 x 10, or 3 x 10
Repeating for all digits, we get 480,137 = 4×100,000 + 8×10,000 + 0x1,000 + 1×100 + 3×10 + 7×1.

3. Write the place values next to a hexadecimal number

Write the place values next to a hexadecimal number. Since hexadecimal is base sixteen, the “place values” correspond to the powers of sixteen. To convert to decimal, multiply each place value by the corresponding power of sixteen. Start this process by writing the powers of sixteen next to the digits of a hexadecimal number. We’ll do this for the hexadecimal number C92116. Start on the right with 16, and increase the exponent each time you move left to the next digit:

116 = 1 x 16 = 1 x 1 (All numbers are in decimal except where noted.)
216 = 2 x 16 = 2 x 16
916 = 9 x 16 = 9 x 256
C = C x 16 = C x 4096

4. Convert alphabetic characters to decimal

Convert alphabetic characters to decimal. Numerical digits are the same in decimal or hexadecimal, so you don’t need to change them (for instance, 716 = 710). For alphabetic characters, refer to this list to change them to the decimal equivalent:

A = 10
B = 11
C = 12 (We’ll use this on our example from above.)
D = 13
E = 14
F = 15

5. Perform the calculation

Perform the calculation. Now that everything is written in decimal, perform each multiplication problem and add the results together. A calculator will be handy for most hexadecimal numbers. Continuing our example from earlier, here’s C921 rewritten as a decimal formula and solved:

C92116 = (in decimal) (1 x 1) + (2 x 16) + (9 x 256) + (12 x 4096)
= 1 + 32 + 2,304 + 49,152.
= 51,48910. The decimal version will usually have more digits than the hexadecimal version, since hexadecimal can store more information per digit.

6. Practice the conversion

Practice the conversion. Here are a few numbers to convert from hexadecimal into decimal. Once you’ve worked out the answer, highlight the invisible text to the right of the equal sign to check your work:

3AB16 = 93910

A1A116 = 4137710

500016 = 2048010

500D16 = 2049310

18A2F16 = 10091110

Part 3 of 3:Understanding Hexadecimal Basics

1. Know how to use hexadecimal

Know how to use hexadecimal. Our ordinary decimal counting system is base ten, using ten different symbols to display numbers. Hexadecimal is a base sixteen number system, meaning it uses sixteen characters to display numbers.You can check hexadecimal to decimal conversion for big numbers on online tools.
Counting from zero upward:

 

Hexadecimal
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Decimal

 

0

0

 

10

 

16

 

1

1

 

11

 

17

 

2

2

 

12

 

18

 

3

3

 

13

 

19

 

4

4

 

14

 

20

 

5

5

 

15

 

21

 

6

6

 

16

 

22

 

7

7

 

17

 

23

 

8

8

 

18

 

24

 

9

9

 

19

 

25

 

A

10

 

1A

 

26

 

B

11

 

1B

 

27

 

C

12

 

1C

 

28

 

D

13

 

1D

 

29

 

E

14

 

1E

 

30

 

F

15

 

1F

 

31

2. Use subscript to show which system you’re using

Use subscript to show which system you’re using. Whenever it might be unclear which system you’re using, use a decimal subscript number to denote the base. For example, 1710 means “17 in base ten” (an ordinary decimal number). 1710 = 1116, or “11 in base sixteen” (hexadecimal). You can skip this if your number has an alphabetic character in it, such as B or E. No one will mistake that for a decimal number.